Important Vaccines For Kids

IMPORTANT VACCINES FOR KIDS

New parents are generally scared when their child is born. Sometimes it is difficult for them to manage with overflowing emotions. They can be hysteric if their child falls off a baby tricycle and they can panic a lot. Keeping your child, whether a newly born or a toddler, away from the infections, a lot of precautions are taken. One of them is timely vaccinations.

Important Vaccines For Kids

It is important for the parents to get their child vaccinated timely to avoid various deadly diseases. You must have noticed that how the newborns easily catch cold or fever, this is because their immune system is not fully developed and is still weak. Vaccinations help the child to keep away the deadly diseases.

It happens a lot with new parents that they don’t know about the vaccines and the time the shots should be given to their kids. Here we will give you the details of the vaccine.

What, Why, and When

There is a long of vaccination and they all have difficult names. “Prevention is better than cure” this is not merely a saying, but it should be followed religiously. An immunization schedule will be given by the concerned pediatrician who will mention the list of all the shots. To understand all the names and what they are given for, the following list will help you.

MEASLES (MMR)

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What are Measles?

Measles is a highly infectious disease which is contagious. It spreads out from the respiratory system and covers the body with distinctive red rashes. It is caused by the rubeola virus and is known as an endemic disease. Kids, who suffer from Measles, tend to show an unpleasant behavior but this can be prevented by vaccine and proper treatment. The symptoms are a runny nose, conjunctivitis, red itchy rashes, and cough.

Why is the vaccination important?

Measles is a viral disease and can lead to serious complications if not treated on time. Measles can keep on weakening the immune system and will make the child weaker day by day. Untreated measles can lead to complications like brain inflammation, respiratory tract infections, eye infection and pneumonia.

When should the child be vaccinated?

At the age of 9 months and 15 months, the first and second dose should be given, respectively.

ROTA VIRUS

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What is Rotavirus?

It is seen as the most common cause when the stomach and interesting suffer from inflammation. The inflammation is also called as gastroenteritis. This usually leads to sever diarrhea which makes the body severely dehydrated. If the vaccination is not given on time then the kid can suffer from Rotavirus by the age of 3. Symptoms can include upset stomach, stomach ache, watery diarrhea, vomiting, and fever.  Kids love to play outdoors and because of the severe dehydration, they cannot go out.

Why is the vaccination important?

Rotavirus comes from a family of Reoviridae. Rotavirus is a transmittable disease and the virus incubation period is about two days. Vaccine named RotaTeq and Rotarix is given in shots but it generally resolves in 3 to 9 days. These vaccines will protect the kids from life-threatening diseases which can be caused by the complications of vomiting, diarrhea and dehydration.

When should the child be vaccinated?

At the age of 10 weeks and 14 weeks, the first and the second doses respectively are to be given.

POLIO

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What is polio?

Polio is also known as poliomyelitis and infantile paralysis and it is a highly contagious disease. Polio is caused by polio virus. Two types of polio are known paralytic polio and non-paralytic polio.

The symptoms of paralytic polio are:

  • Deformed limbs, especially the hips, ankles, and feet
  • Permanent or temporary paralysis which is all of a sudden
  • Floppy limbs
  • Loss of reflexes
  • The symptoms of non-paralytic polio are:
  • Fever
  • Sore throat
  • Headache
  • Vomiting
  • Fatigue
  • Meningitis

A child younger than 5 years is likely to suffer from polio as his/her physical activities like strolling, walking, cycling and playing are restricted. They just get confined to one place.

Why is vaccination important?

Polio vaccination is essential for babies under 5 years of age and should be given every year untill the age of 5. It is not curable so that is why we have to prevent it from triggering. If the vaccine is not given on time then the kid can become paralyzed, temporarily or permanently, and in severe cases, polio can be fatal.

When should the child be vaccinated?

A dose at 6 weeks, 10 weeks, 14 weeks and 6-18 months, the children will be given IPV doses. A dose at birth, at 6 months, at 9 months, and a booster at 5-6 years of age, the children will be given OPV doses.

PERTUSSIS (DPT)

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Pertussis DPT is a class of combination of three infectious diseases- diphtheria, Pertussis, and tetanus. This is a communicable respiratory disease which that can affect the baby’s breathing very badly.

Pertussis is also known as a whooping cough. This is a sort of bacterial disease that gets into your nose and throat. It spreads effectively, yet immunizations like DTaP and Tdap can help forestall it in youngsters and grown-ups.

The symptoms of Pertussis are-

The symptoms of Pertussis are similar to symptoms of a normal cold.

  • Sneezing
  • Running nose
  • Mild coughing
  • Low fever

After around 7-10 days, the hack transforms into “hacking spells” that end with a hollering sound as the individual endeavors to take in the air. Since the hack is dry and doesn’t deliver bodily fluid, these spells can last up to 1 minute. Now and then it can make your face quickly turn red or purple.

Why is the vaccination important?

This vaccination is important for the babies younger than 12 months as a whooping cough is dangerous for the babies younger than 6 months old. In this case, the child needs to go to an ER. This vaccination protects your child from the serious and complications which can come along with a whooping cough.

When should the child be vaccinated?

It is really very important for your child to get the vaccine on time so that the child can start building protection against the disease. This vaccine is also important for those who received the whooping cough vaccine (called Tdap) for adults while pregnant. The antibodies which the mother shared with her baby before birth provide protection for a short time, but DTap shots provide protection for a long time.

5 doses of DTap are required when the child suffering from whooping cold. CDC prescribes the principal dosage when your child is 2 months old. Then require 2 more measurements, allowed at 4 months and a half year, to develop elevated amounts of assurance. Immunization security for hollering hack diminishes after some time. At the last, babies need booster shots at 15 to 18 months and at 4 to 6 years to maintain the protection. So, vaccine at time is important for your baby.

BCG- TUBERCULOSIS

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Tuberculosis is a bacterial infection which effects lungs of human body, and is caused by mycobacterium tuberculosis. It is a communicable disease just like cold and flu which transfers from one person to another by air. It can also spreads from one part to other parts of the body like brain and the spine. This is dangerous to health.

SYMPTOMS OF TUBERCULOSIS

In the event that you have tuberculosis, you might not have any indications. Because the germs which cause illness can stay in your body without making you sick. In fact, most of the people are able to fight with the germs. Doctors call this “latent TB” infection. But if these germs started multiply, you will become sick day by day with tuberculosis.

Main symptoms are-

  • Weight loss
  • Fever
  • Body Pain
  • A bad cough that lasts 3 weeks or longer
  • Coughing up blood
  • Feeling weak
  • Sweating at night
  • Pain in your chest

If your baby is suffering from any of these symptoms consult to doctor. TB can be cured with treatment.

Why is the vaccination important?

The BCG vaccine is the vaccine which is currently available and other TB vaccines are under development. This vaccination provides immunity to the babies from tuberculosis. And it protects the body from the infection which affects lungs and other parts of the body like bones, joints, and kidneys.

When should the child be vaccinated?

BCG vaccination should be given to the newborn babies right after the birth and up to six months old and can also vaccinated up to five years and should be given to the children and the adults who are suffering from tuberculosis.

TETANUS (DPT)

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Tetanus is a bacterial infection which causes painful muscles spasms and also can lead to death and also known as Lockjaw because this infection causes muscles compressions in neck and jaw. It affects the nervous system badly. According to CDC, 11% to 21% of tetanus infections are fatal.

Clostridium tetani bacteria cause tetanus. Spores of the microscopic organisms can be found in residue, soil, and creature droppings. Spores are little regenerative bodies delivered by specific living beings. They’re regularly impervious to unforgiving natural conditions, for example, high warmth. The infection occurs when the spores of the bacteria enter into the bloodstream through a cut or wound. Then these spores spread in the nervous system and produce a toxin called tetanospasmin. Tetanus is not contagious. Inspection has been associated with –

  • wounds contaminated with dust, dirt, and saliva
  • puncture wounds from injection drug use
  • crush injuries
  • burns

It is also associated with- dental infections, animals bite, insects bite, and chronic infections. This infection is common in densely populated area.

The Symptoms of Tetanus Infection are-

  • high blood pressure
  • fever
  • sweating
  • fast rate of heart beat, and
  • stiffness in various muscles like jaw, chest, neck, back, and abdomen.

Why this vaccination is important?

The DTap Vaccine helps to protect your child from diphtheria, tetanus, and pertussis. It protects you from the risk of catching tetanus infection which can lead to death also.

When should the child be vaccinated?

According to CDC, the vaccine should be given to the children at the ages 2, 4, and 6 months, and again at 15 through 18 months old. It should also be given to the children ages 4 through 6 years old.

HEPATITIS A (HAV)

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Hepatitis is a viral infection which causes liver infection and inflammation of the liver which is caused by the Hepatitis A virus. Generally, this occurs from the contaminated water and food, and close contact with the infected object.

 The Symptoms of Hepatitis are-

  • Loss of appetite
  • low grade fever
  • Dark urine
  • Intense Itching
  • Abdominal pain
  • Nausea
  • diarrhea
  • Jaundice

At What Time Your Child Needs To Be Vaccinated

First dose should be given at the age of 12 months, and second dose should be given at the age of 18 months. And also this vaccine is recommended for older kids and for those who are at risk for the disease.

HEPATITIS B (HBV)

Hepatitis B is a liver disease caused by Hepatitis B virus.

What are the symptoms of Hepatitis B?

  • Loss of appetite
  • weight loss
  • breast enlargement in men
  • a rash on the palms
  • weakness
  • abdominal pain
  • liver failure
  • problems in blood clotting
  • dark urine
  • spider like blood vessels on the skin

 Why Hepatitis B Vaccination is Important?

Hepatitis B vaccination prevents your child from viral infection that can cause liver infection and liver cancer which can result from Hepatitis B virus.

When should the child be vaccinated?

It is a course of three doses which should be given to the child. First dose should be given within 24 hours of the birth in the hospital, second dose after one or two months, third dose should be given at the age of 6 months. Some infants will receive 4 doses of hepatitis B vaccine.

It is important for the parents to vaccinate their kids and keep them healthy and sound. Who does not love a child happily playing? Everyone does, but it is the duty and the responsibility of the parents to get a child vaccinated from a good doctor.

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